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Dermatology Diaries

Thursday, September 22, 2011

What is Acne? Acne Treatment Explained

Dermatologists in new delhi
Acne Treatment - Dr Niketa - New Delhi

Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition that affects majority of the population at some time during their lives. Teens, young adults and even mature adults may suddenly develop recurrent and stubborn acne. The severity may vary from minute blocked pores called Comedonal Acne to large pus filled painful cysts called Acne Conglobata. The most common form however is the presence of small red bumps that may be associated with pain and pus formation. The condition usually affects the face, upper chest, back and shoulders.

Causes of acne
  • Rise in the hormone levels during adolescence cause enlargement and over activity of the oil glands in the skin.
  • The canals that bring this oil to the surface become blocked with keratin (a protein that is part o f the skin).
  • When these oil glands are overactive and the canals are blocked, the bacteria that normally live on the skin and in the oil multiply and inflame the skin.
  • There may be a hereditary tendency and may also be associated with underlying hormonal imbalances especially Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome in young women.

Aggravating factors..

The severity of acne may fluctuate with relation to
Season/ weather
Flaring of acne is common during the summer and monsoon seasons and in otherwise hot, humid and dusty weather.
Stress levels
All kinds of physical and emotional stress can aggravate acne. Exams, work projects and deadlines, pre- wedding stress too is a major factor in brides-to-be!
Menstrual cycle (females)
Pre-menstrual and mid cycle aggravation.
Dietary factors
Consumption of oily and sugary food high in trans-fats and high glycemic index. Poultry and meat fattened with hormones is a majorly under rated cause.
Method of skin care
Application of greasy, comedogenic products. Failure to wash the dirt and pollutants off the skin.


Acne of all grades can result in permanent physical and mental scarring. The aim is to control the acne, erase the post acne pigmentation and to reverse the scars caused by the acne. Contrary to the popular belief, the treatment of acne can be started at a very early age in order to prevent permanent scarring and the social embarrassment associated with it.The secret to successful control of acne is a ‘Holistic approach’ towards the treatment which involves:

A well established daily skin care regime.
Wash the face with a non soap cleanser for oily skin. Look for contents like salicylic and glycolic also known as BHA and AHA. These help in controlling the oil production, keep the skin gently exfoliated and prevent the pores from getting blocked.
A mild scrub containing poly beads can be used once or twice a week.
Water based toners containing BHA, AHA and witch hazel are also helpful in unclogging pores and reducing pore size.
Sunscreens are indispensible even for oily skin. A calamine based or gel based sunscreen can be used to absorb excess oil and keep the skin looking fresh.
Tea tree oil based lotion can be used as an alternative to prescription medications in the evening or night.

Lifestyle modification.
Avoiding fried and re-fried food and sugary areated drinks is important. Avoid caffene and alcohol especially if you tend to have a mid-facial redness.
Include colorful fruits and salads and green veggies in the diet to get your daily dose of antioxidants and minerals. Indulge in green tea, berries and and occasional glass of red wine too!
De-stressing, relaxation exercises and meditation should be incorporated as a part of healthy lifestyle.
Smoking (active and passive) can cause severe and irreversible damage to the skin.

Acne Treatment
At my clinic, Acne vulgaris is easily managed with the most advanced clinical knowledge and acne treatment protocols. This usually involves topical medication, a short course of oral antibiotics to eliminate the P. Acne infection and assessment of any underlying hormonal imbalance and its treatment. Intensive sessions with Salicylic, Mandelic, Azelic or Pyruvic peels are done for quick and result oriented resolution of acne. A clear, acne free and spotless skin can thus be achieved in about 2-3 months!

Keep looking beautiful.
Dr Niketa
acne scar treatment
Acne and Acne Scar Treatment - Dr Niketa - New Delhi